When it comes to linguistical science people often get confused about the origins of their languages. Knowing where your language origins from is very important for preserving your culture. Within this beautiful tree of languages, you can find proof that almost all languages are linked to each other. There are several major languages families in this world and those are Indo-European, Afro-Asiatic, Uralic, and many other language families. It’s estimated that the number of “living languages” vary from 5000-7000, depending on the precision of one’s definition of “language”, and in particular on how one classifies dialects.
The term “living language” is simply one that is primarily used as a form of communication between a group of people. Another interesting linguistic fact is that there are some languages that belong to some language families but are not related to any established branch. Such languages are called language isolate and those are Albanian, Armenian, Georgian and Greek who are part of the Indo-European family but don’t relate to any specific branch.
There are also numerous dead languages that don’t have any living descendants. In contrast, a dead language is “one that is no longer a native language of any community” even if it’s still used for some symbols like Latin which is mostly used for medicine. In the modern period, a language can extinct as a process of cultural assimilation that can lead to shifting to another language. The transition from a living to death language can occur as a process of colonization. For example, most of the native American languages were extinct or replaced by the English, German, French, Portugees, and Dutch.
We all know that English is the universal language of the entire world but did you know that it isn’t the most used language in the world? The results conducted from recent studies showed that the Mandarins language is currently the most used in the world.
It is considered that most of the languages that currently “living” will be extinct or replaced by the year 2050. Reasons for such predictions are that most of the languages are spoken by small groups of communities who are threatened by a fast rate of mortality.